The goal of modern dentistry is to restore the patient to normal contour, function, comfort, esthetics, speech and health whether restoring a single tooth with caries or replacing several teeth. A dental implant is a titanium post (like a tooth root) that is surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath the gum line that allows dentist to mount replacement teeth or a bridge into that area. An implant doesn’t come loose like a denture can.
To receive implants, patients need to have healthy gums and adequate bone to support the implant. Patient must also commit to keeping these structures healthy. Before placement of multiple imaging like iopa xray, CT scan are needed to check the density of bone. Certain blood test is also performed. After selection of implant system on the day of placement of implant under local anaesthesia flaps are raised and one to several implants is placed depending on the need. After placement of implant the patients is asked to wait for few months to have that implant bonded with the bone.After confirmation of boding of implant and bone crown or bridge are given.
Dental implants also benefit general oral health because they do not have to be anchored to other teeth, like bridges. Because implants fuse to the jawbone, they provide stable support for artificial teeth. Dentures and bridges mounted to implants won’t slip or shift in mouth — an especially important benefit when eating and speaking. This secure fit helps the dentures and bridges — as well as individual crowns placed over implants — feel more natural than conventional bridges or dentures. For some people, ordinary bridges and dentures are simply not comfortable or even possible, due to sore spots, poor ridges or gagging. In addition, ordinary bridges must be attached to teeth on either side of the space left by the missing tooth. An advantage of implants is that no adjacent teeth need to be prepared or ground down to hold your new replacement tooth/teeth in place.
Sometimes this implant after placing into the bone might not get anchored to the bone and can come out. Meticulous oral hygiene and regular dental visits are critical to the long-term success of dental implants. Implants are usually more expensive than other methods of tooth replacement.