Veneers are also a treatment option for discoloured tooth. Porcelain veneers are thin shells of medical-grade ceramic that are attached to the front surfaces of teeth for an immediate smile transformation. Individually crafted for each patient, these cosmetic enhancements are made from advanced material that closely resembles the appearance of natural dental enamel. Dentists can use veneers for an impressive number of cosmetic corrections, ranging from teeth whitening to orthodontic adjustments. Veneers are indicated where the surface is discoloured with minimal damage like in tetracycline staining. In fluorosis staining where the surface is pitted and deformed porcelain veneer can be a good aesthetic option. There are two main types of material used to fabricate a veneer: composite and dental porcelain.
A composite veneer may be directly placed (built-up in the mouth), or indirectly fabricated by a dental technician in a dental lab, and later bonded to the tooth, typically using a resin cement such as Panavia. In contrast, a porcelain veneer may only be indirectly fabricated. Laminate veneers a thin layer that covers only the surface of the tooth and generally used for aesthetic purposes. For composite veneer the patients teeth has to be prepared minimally and after acid etching and bonding composite can be placed in the same sitting. For porcelain veneer the patients tooth surface is reduced 0.5 mm and then the impression taken and sent to the lab for porcelain veneer. The colour matching is very important for both the cases. For porcelain veneer two visits to the dentist chamber is required.
Ceramic veneers are long lasting and most accepted by the patient. Thanks to their lifelike appearance and wide array of functions, porcelain veneers rank among the most trusted and popular procedures in cosmetic dentistry.
Porcelain veneer does not have any side effects.